Davos: the three main challenges for a fair green transition in Africa (Abdelmalek Alaoui)

During a panel held on Thursday, January 19 on the integration of equity and justice in the transition to greener economies, Abdelmalek Alaoui explained that a just transition could not be done without three elements: opportunity, knowledge and know-how.

African countries “are currently facing three big gaps, which we are not responsible for, but which we must overcome in order to move forward”, he said.

the first gap is the inequality in the production of knowledge and knowledge. “Africans are giants in terms of demography, but do not produce knowledge,” he said. “Regarding their future, this knowledge usually comes from other countries.”

the second gap is the structural discrepancy between strategy and execution, caused primarily by general brain drain.

On the reduction of this gap in the countries of the South, Abdelmalek Alaoui cited the example of the achievements of the Moroccan national football team during the 2022 World Cup “which, thanks to a Moroccan coach, to a Moroccan strategy, to a Moroccan vision, to a training infrastructure put in place by King Mohammed VI in 2010, to multiculturalism, is a diversity driven by local talents and footballers focused on execution”. An example that illustrates the idea that the solutions to the challenges of these countries must emanate locally.

The third problemthe most important according to Abdelmalek Alaoui, is the gap between the financial commitment and the actual disbursements of multilateral organizations.

Finally, the expert emphasized I’importance and need for social equity for the development of the countries of the South, like the generalization of Compulsory Health Insurance (AMO) in Morocco.

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